page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18 page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
< prev - next > Energy Stoves and Ovens appropriate_household_energy (Printable PDF)
Why use participatory methodologies?
Participation in any area of development is not easy. Thos involved in development work need to learn to
change attitudes, and communities need to learn to participate in projects designed to benefit them.
Participation is usually easier with a community group where no one has worked before, because they do
not have any preconceived ideas regarding extension workers.
There are different levels of participation in which people:
Contribute time as a tool for cheap labour, or a tool to sell a technology or idea
Provide information to the agency or development worker
Contribute funds
Participate in an on-going project.
If the community decides what options to undertake, the project may take a completely different course.
They may identify problems and solutions the agency would rather ignore. The agency has to be flexible.
The community decides what options to undertake
Examples from the PEOPLE Approach
The underlying principles of participatory needs assessment in stoves and energy work take into account
Woman and men have a wealth of traditional knowledge which t hey use as coping strategies to
deal with energy problems and to appraise new options
The role of the outsider is to learn, convene, and catalyse sharing of information among the
communities Involvement of marginal groups provides techniques for people to assess their
situation, and in the process, suggest new options.
The aim of the PEOPLE approach is not to introduce any specific energy technology. It is to
encourage communities to better understand their energy problems, and assess ways of addressing
them and expand their choice and access to appropriate interventions.
Example 1: Using the fuel scarcity and availability trend analysis
To identify changes in fuel availability over time
Too discuss fuel wood scarcity indicators