BEST PRACTICES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF NEPALESE CITIES
Practical Action Nepal Office has initiated a project “Strengthening Local Capacities in
Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) in small and medium municipalities
of Nepal” with the financial support from European Union under its EC Asia Eco Pro II
programme and close partnership among Practical Action Nepal, GTZ/udle, MuAN and
WASTE. The project is basically targeted to four municipalities i.e. Bharatpur, Vyas,
Birendranagar and Nepalgunj. The project aims to improve the health and environmental
conditions of disadvantaged people living in the project municipalities. One of the major
activities of the project is to disseminate best practices on sustainable waste manage-
ment technologies, processes and approaches, from which it can develop and adapt the
processes that are suitable in the context of urban centres of developing countries. In this
context, review of national and international best practices on solid waste management
was performed in January 2008.
In fact solid waste management is a big challenge to all established and emerging towns
of Nepal. Basically municipalities are giving preferences only on collecting the waste
and dumping it. The principle of 3R (waste reduction, re-use and recycle) are not prioritised
by the municipalities for effective sustainable waste management. Further, municipali-
ties have not yet fully recognised the important stakeholders of waste management like
NGOs/CBOs and private formal and informal sector which can be involved during the
planning, implementation and monitoring for effective waste management.
This book contains a range of best practices on solid waste management from various
municipalities of Nepal. It also contains the admirable initiatives of national and local
NGOs/CBOs. I hope that this book will be highly instrumental regarding solid waste
management to urban centres as well as emerging towns of developing countries.
I would like to thank Mr. Rajib Dhakal for collecting and writing the best practices. I
would like to thank Mr. Mansoor Ali and Mr. Adrian Coad for supporting us in editing the
text. I would like to thank my colleague Ms. Jun Hada, Ms. Shradha Bohara, Ms. Kalpana
Basyal, Mr. Bir Kirshna Maharjan and Mr. Binaya Raj Shrestha for supporting in the
publication of the book. Last but not the least; I would like to thank the institutions and
the individuals who have supported to gather the best practices.