BEST PRACTICES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF NEPALESE CITIES
limitations, and the lack of a vehicle. Other obstacles
includes, poor institutional set-up of governmental
organisations31 and the lack of legislation to encourage
NGOs. The organisation continues its efforts to reduce
ignorance about environmental issues by conducting
educational campaigns, including training and
awareness programmes on waste recycling and
composting in other core area communities of LSMC.
UEMS is planning to expand HH composting in similar
urban areas of adjoining Kathmandu Metropolitan City.
Nevertheless, the UEMS has definitely achieved its goals
for composting and recycling.
Conclusions and lessons learnt
After implementing HH composting and at-source
segregation, the value of compost was appreciated by
local residents. As with the water supply programme32,
the community initiative for waste management is
considered to be very satisfactory especially in Saugal.
Adequate training and awareness programmes have
facilitated proper resource management (Reduce, Reuse
and Recycle). UEMS`s approach of improving the
environment by effective management of organic solid
waste is regarded as a model for other NGOs working
in solid waste management.
Replicable best practice
After achieving a good response from the community,
UEMS is encouraged to expand its activities all over
the LSMC. The concept of compost trading seems to be
an effective mechanism for organic waste reduction
in urban areas. By far the largest constituent of urban
solid waste in Nepal is organic material that can be
composted, and HH composting appears to be the most
effective approach for managing organic waste.
Contact details: Mr. Dal Bahadur Singtan, Ms. Laxmi Bajracharya,
Ward no. 11 Saugal, Lalitpur, P.O. Box 271
Partner contact: Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City, Lalitpur
31 According to UEMS, to get one simple authorization it is necessary to visit at least three governmental offices.
32 The community initiative for water supply in that area is considered to be impressive.