BEST PRACTICES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF NEPALESE CITIES
2.2 Cases of NGO involvement
in solid waste management
In this section, individual cases show how various NGOs are making significant contributions in door-to-door
collection, and in the reduction and recycling of organic and inorganic wastes.
NEPCEMAC involvementURBAN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
in door-to-door waste collection
Nepal Pollution Control and Environment Management
Centre (NEPCEMAC) established in 1997 is a non-profit
independent organisation. It has been working in solid
waste management with various communities of Nepal.
Aware of the impacts of rapid urbanisation, NEPCEMAC
is working in areas of Kathmandu metropolitan city,
Lalitpur sub-metropolitan city, Biratnagar sub-
metropolitan city, Itahari municipality and Triyuga
municipality. In this study, the case of Lalitpur sub-
metropolitan city is considered (NEPCEMAC, 2008).
Rationale for selection
This case was selected because it discusses the NGO's
efforts in door-to-door solid waste collection.
NEPCEMAC runs this service on a financially viable
basis, which is important for sustainability.
Lalitpur sub-metropolitan city (LSMC) is south of
Kathmandu and is the third largest city in Nepal. This
municipality comprises 22 wards and covers an area
of 15.47 km2. The population in 2001 was 162,991,
34,996 HHs (CBS, 2001). The population growth rate
for this municipality is 3.5 per cent per year (CBS, 2001).
NEPCEMAC started its project in Kusunti area with a
small team. Its area of operation in the beginning was
limited to only fifty HHs. At that time government policy
for solid waste management was not clear in a number
of areas, for policy issues such as private sector
participation, service charges, coverage area, and waste
management techniques. HHs in LSMC was facing
problems of waste collection and disposal. Since its
establishment in 1997, NEPCEMAC has been involved in
solid waste management (collection, source reduction,
recycling and reuse) in various communities of Nepal.
Similarly, other NGOs in Kathmandu metropolitan city,
LSMC, Bharatpur, Biratnagar have also been working
in waste management according to the UNDP's Public
Private Partnership in Urban Environment (PPPUE)
The main objectives of NEPCEMAC are: to encourage people
to participate actively in waste management, to provide
training on various methods of composting, to generate
employment by extending waste management coverage,
Name of the Programme: NEPCEMAC for door-to-door collection
Location: Wards No.3, 4, 5 and13, Lalitpur sub-metropolitan city
Duration of the Project: 1997 onwards
Beneficiaries: Residents in selected wards of Kathmandu, lalitpur, Biratnagar, Itahari, and Triyuga
Donors and Partners: Municipalities
Municipal Vision: Waste collection, recycling, proper handling and a clean urban environment