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< prev - next > Waste management best_practices_iswm (Printable PDF)
in Hetauda
Hetauda is a mid-sized municipality with an area of 47.77
km2. It is located in mid-south of Nepal, 225 km from
Kathmandu. It is divided into 11 wards. According to
municipality data (CBS, 2001), the population was 68,482
in 2001, living in 14,271 HHs, and the growth rate was
4.5 per cent. Based on these data the projected population
for the year 2008 is 90,054. In 2001 the population density
was estimated to be 1433.58 per km2 (CBS, 2001).
Rationale for selection
This case has been selected because it provides information
about effective waste collection and at-source segregation.
Case description
In previous years, when there was no proper waste
collection system, the municipality used to receive
complaints from residents about inadequate waste
collection and dirty streets. Haphazard dumping was
practised throughout the area of Sukumbashi22 Tole. After
the implementation of the solid waste management
programme, the Community Development Section was
made responsible for solid waste management. Two
private organisations23 were engaged for waste
management services. 'Clean Nepal' is working in Wards
3, 4, 10 and parts of Wards 1 and 11, serving a total of
2,000 HHs (Hetauda municipality, 2008 data).
Simultaneously, `Samajik Sarokar Manch` is working
in Wards 2, and 5, in the city area and in part of Ward
no.1, serving a total of 900 HHs (Hetauda municipality,
2008 data).
The main responsibilities of the Community Development
Section are street sweeping, roadside drain cleaning,
removal of dead animals, procurement and maintenance
of waste management vehicles, recruitment & training of
waste management staff, public education and promotion
of recycling. The Community Development Section is
actively engaged in waste minimisation and segregation
programmes. It has distributed 400 compost bins with a
capacity of 50 kg and 500 suiro hooks for separating
organic and inorganic waste (Hetauda municipality, 2008
data). The municipality is distributing suiro hooks and
compost bins with financial assistance from UN-HABITAT
and UDLE-GTZ Nepal. One district hospital with 50 beds
is situated within the municipality (Hetauda municipality,
2008 data).
The main objective of the waste management system in
Hetauda municipality is to ensure effective collection
of solid waste from HHs, businesses and industrial
areas, and safe transport of solid waste from source to
dumping site.
Name of the Programme: Solid Waste Management in Hetauda
Location: Mid-southern Nepal
Duration of the Project: 2002 onwards
Beneficiaries: Residents of Hetauda municipality
Donors and Partners: UDLE-GTZ, UNDP, UEIP, UN-Habitat, NGOs, CBOs,
Municipal Vision: Clean and healthy Hetauda city through partnership with the private sector.
22 Sukumbashis are squatters or internally displaced persons living in public land.
23 Municipal employees have permanent status whilst the employment status of the staff of private organisations is usually temporary.