page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22 page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
< prev - next > Waste management best_practices_iswm (Printable PDF)
2.1 Municipalities involving the private
sector in solid waste management
In this study, cases from Bharatpur municipality, Biratnagar municipality and Hetauda municipalities are included
as examples of private sector involvement for effective municipal waste management practice.
in Bharatpur
Bharatpur municipality is regarded as a middle-sized
municipality and the commercial centre of Narayani Zone
in the mid-southern area of Nepal. It is 146 km south-
west of Kathmandu. It has 14 wards covering an area of
162.16 km2 with 19,910 HHs in the year 2001. The total
population in 2007 was estimated to be 134,803 and the
population density was 1433.58 per km2 (Bharatpur
municipality, 2007 data). The population growth rate of
7.1 per cent (CBS, 2001 data) is high as a result of
migration because it is surrounded by fertile agricultural
land and because of its proximity to the Indian border.
Rationale for selection
This case is included because it provides information
about private sector participation in municipal solid
waste management and about wastes recycling.
Case description
Before this project, municipality was struggling to provide
door-to-door collection, especially in the core areas of
Bharatpur city, and to dispose of the waste in a sanitary
way. Mixed waste was dumped on the bank of Narayani
River. Without a proper plan and vision for waste
management, the municipality was not capable of
handling the waste generated in the city area. Since 1999,
Bharatpur municipality has initiated a public private
partnership (PPP) in order to manage the solid waste. As
discussed in earlier cases, the Community Development
Section for SWM is concerned with the cleaning of roadside
drains and public toilets, the removal of dead animals,
training employees involved in solid waste management,
and public education (including the concepts to reduce,
reuse and recycle [RRR]. A private contractor has been
engaged to provide door-to-door waste collection and to
collect waste from unofficial collection points in domestic,
commercial and industrial areas.
Name of the Programme: Solid Waste Management in Bharatpur municipality
Location: Mid-southern area of Nepal, south-west of the capital.
Duration of the Project: 1999 onwards
Beneficiaries: Residents of the urban area
Donors and Partners: Private sector, Practical Action Nepal, Lumanti, UNDP-PPPUE
Municipal Vision: Solid waste management by public private partnership