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< prev - next > Waste management best_practices_iswm (Printable PDF)
Tribhuvannagar municipality, the oldest in Rapti Zone,
was established in the year 1978. It is located at a distance
of 411 kilometres from the capital, Kathmandu. It has 11
wards, a few being located in the Inner Tarai region and
the others are in the hilly region. The urban area of 10
km2 comprises two wards with 4,404 households, whereas
the rural area covers 64.45 km2 with 4541 households
CBS, 2001). The population growth rate is 3.95 per cent
(CBS, 2001), giving a projected population of the
municipality for the year 2008 of 55,000. In the urban
areas the population density is 579.26 per km2 .
Rationale for selection
This case was selected because it provides information
about effective waste recycling and safe final disposal
of municipal solid waste at the municipal landfill.
Case Description
Earlier, dumping of waste at the riverside at Katuwa
Khola had created problem for local residents and
visitors to the Ambikeshowori Temple, and Mahendra
Hospital. Complaints from the local residents regarding
waste disposal were severe and the efforts of the
municipality to solve the problem were inadequate. With
the vision of a safe and healthy municipal area,
Tribhuvannagar municipality has established a landfill
at Karautidanda and has been using it for the disposal
of its municipal waste since 2005 (Tribhuvannagar
municipality, 2008 data). In this municipality, the
Environmental and Community Development Section is
responsible for solid waste management. The main
functions carried out by this section are street sweeping,
waste collection in domestic and commercial areas,
cleaning of roadside drains, removal of dead animals,
procurement and maintenance of waste management
vehicles, recruitment & training of waste management
staff, public education, and waste handling training to
local residents.
The main objectives in improving the waste management
system in this municipality are to ensure effective
collection of solid waste from households, businesses
and industrial areas, safe transporting of waste from
source to landfill, separation of some types of waste
for recycling and reuse, and disposing of the residual -
mostly organic - wastes safely in trenches.
Waste generation and composition
According to the data provided by the municipality and
the field survey conducted in May 2008, the average per
capita household waste generation rate is 0.25kg/person/
day (Tribhuvannagar municipality, 2008 data) and this
data is the same as the national average generation rate
and lower than the generation rate of the capital
Name of the Programme: Solid Waste Management in Tribhuvannagar
Location: South-western Nepal
Duration of the Project: 2005 onwards
Beneficiaries: Residents of Tribhuvannagar municipality
Donors and Partners: Government of Nepal, GTZ- UDLE (for post infrastructure for landfill site), UNDP-RUPP,TLOs, NGOs
Municipal Vision: Safe and healthy municipal area