page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64
page 65
page 66
page 67
page 68
page 69
page 70
page 71
page 72
page 73
page 74
page 75
page 76
page 77
page 78
page 79
page 80
page 81
page 82
page 83
page 84
page 85 page 86
page 87
page 88
page 89
page 90
page 91
page 92
page 93
page 94
page 95
page 96
page 97
page 98
page 99
page 100
page 101
page 102
page 103
page 104
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
page 112
page 113
page 114
page 115
page 116
page 117
page 118
page 119
page 120
page 121
page 122
page 123
page 124
page 125
page 126
page 127
page 128
page 129
page 130
page 131
page 132
page 133
page 134
page 135
page 136
page 137
page 138
page 139
< prev - next > Environment and adaptation to climate change mainstreeming climate change adaptation in agricultural extranison (Printable PDF)
Kirian and his family are typical subsistence farmers living on 4 hectares of unfenced
arable land in a semi-arid area of Gwanda South District. The family has one ox and
two goats which were paid as lobola when the second born child was married. A
paravet is resident in the area. As the community has agreed that the paravet
charges a small fee for any service rendered, Kirian has not been able to access the
service of the paravet. Instead he relies on local herbs for treating his livestock. The
local communities claim that the local herbs sometimes work if the correct dosage is
applied. Grazing is communal and during the dry season livestock roam around even
into other people‟s fields destroying the crop stover reserved for their own livestock.
Kirian and his wife have six children, the eldest being 18 and the youngest 2 years.
They have only managed to send two of their children to school. The eldest is largely
engaged, on a daily basis, in herding goats and cattle for one of their wealthy
neighbours. As he is still staying with his parents, they use his income to buy grain
and pay for the milling costs and other household requirements.
Kirian and wife survive by collecting and selling macimbi (caterpillars) when they are
in-season. The caterpillars have two generations per year i.e. April and November.
They also sell wild fruits such as matamba, tsubvu and matohwe by the road side.
They also depend on small jobs such as weeding and harvesting, especially during
good seasons, to supplement their income.
The family is reliant on a communal borehole which frequently breaks down. Then
Kirian‟s family has to resort to collecting water from sand abstraction (mufuku). They
are unable to grow vegetables because the demand for water to meet basic human
needs is so great. During the rainy season two of their children suffered from water
borne diseases and the wife spent the greater part of the rainy season at the District
Hospital. The family had to borrow transport money from the local Village Health
Worker. The family has accrued a debt at the hospital as they could not afford to pay
the bills. To date they have received two reminders from the hospital to pay their
hospital bills.
During difficult years the family spends time attending food aid verification meetings.
Through one of the projects in the area, Kirian‟s family has received two rabbits for
income generation and as a source of protein. However the rabbits have not
increased to any meaningful extent since they regularly sell them to meet their most
urgent needs.
A Training Manual on Use of Climate Information and Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment for
Agricultural Extension Staff in Zimbabwe
Page 84