MAINSTREAMING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
Discuss: seasonal activities (e.g.
agriculture, fishing, wage labour,
migration); how is cash income
earned; times of hardship;
Discuss: soils, trees, water (for
drinking, irrigation, cooking, bathing)
Discuss: houses, wells, tools and
communications, transport, etc.
What are the impacts during or after
the hazard (short/long term)?
Which economic assets are
Are people forced to sell assets?
What do they sell?
Are people able to borrow money? Is
Which natural assets are affected?
Which physical assets are affected?
How? E.g. water supplies, buildings,
Livelihood conditions /
What characteristics of peoples
livelihoods make those assets
Are people heavily dependent on a
single economic asset?
Why are people forced to sell
Why are people unable to save or
Why are these natural assets
vulnerable to the hazard?
Is there a lack of natural assets?
Why? How does this affect people?
Why are these physical assets
Policies & institutions (local,
Which policies or institutions (or lack
of) contribute to the vulnerable
Consider: government line ministries;
savings and credit schemes;
Consider: local institutions which
might manage resources; land
ownership; agricultural policy;
Consider: local authorities; building
regulations; land ownership; support
from community/religious groups.
Discuss well-being, skills, knowledge
and individual strengths (health,
Discuss: between men and women;
community groups; NGOs; religious
groups; people with power and
What are the impacts on people
(health, nutrition, physical wellbeing),
both immediately and shortly after
Who is most affected?
How are social relations affected
after a hazard?
What are the consequences?
Do relationships between men and
Why are these people most likely to
Do people have knowledge of the
hazard and its impact?
Why do social relations change?
Why are they vulnerable?
Consider: access to health
Consider: historical traditions; social
pressures; local authorities;
A Training Manual on Use of Climate Information and Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment for
Agricultural Extension Staff in Zimbabwe